Грифон: 150кВт передатчик - это комплект "Шторм-С". Он собссно введен в действие в первой очереди строительства. Работает на частоте f = 549кГц.
barmaleo: 1-ая очередь (1971 г):
1. РВ-240 (Шторм, 150кВт). Что он тогда транслировал - непонятно, сейчас же - Р.Приднестровья на 549кГц (в 90-х - 1467кГц). Его порядкой номер подозрительно отличается от всех остальных - то ли гораздо раньше установлен, то ли откуда-то перевезён, то ли у менее мощных передатчиков нумерация, отличная от мегаваттных. Загадка
Разгадано. РВ-240 первоначально работал в Кишинёве (внутреннее вещание). Правда, в "Маяк" он "переехал" не в 1971 г (т.е. не в первой очереди строительства, как предполагалось), а несколько позже...
barmaleo: Назревает вопрос - что это за таинственный РВ-940, отсутствующий в списке? :-))) И почему "пустуют" номера РВ-944-946?
"Таинственный РВ-940" действительно существовал. Это был маломощный КВ-передатчик в Кишинёве (!), как и остальные (РВ-944-946). Так что РПЦ "Маяк" не был первым и единственным центром КВ-вещания в Молдавии, как считают некоторые на диком Западе (хотя, некоторые высказали верные предположения о наличии КВ-центра в Кишинёве) :-))). Если уж на то пошло, то первенцами на КВ в Молдавии были даже не вышеупомянутые кишинёвские передатчики РВ-940/944-946, а... глушилки, которые появились в Кишинёве в начале 50-х :-)))
Кстати, забугорные слушатели упоминают (см. в самом низу) об отсутствии пауз в транслируемых Вами иноязычных программах Радио Приднестровья - о чём речь? Используются какие-то хитрые шумодавы/"компрессоры"?
DX LISTENING DIGEST 7-146, December 4, 2007
Well, Grigoriopol is Pridnestrovye and you have no chance to ever log
Moldova on shortwave because no SWBC transmitters exist there. The
confusion may arise from the circumstance that nobody except Russia
recognizes the PMR, but de facto Pridnestrovye is a separate entity.
The Grigoriopol transmitter plant is located about 13 km northeast of
the town, a part of the fence around the station runs along the border
with the Ukraine; I'm not aware of any high power site being located
as close to a border as this one. The site is also being referred to
as Maiac, after a very small village nearby, and in HFCC it
traditionally appears as KCH = Kichinyov (the Russian name for
Chisinau). Google has pretty good ortho images:
There are three transmitter hall complexes, each surrounded by cooling
ponds and light halls with barrel-shape roofs. The fourth building
probably houses transmitters as well, but no outcoming feedlines can
be spotted. In the western part of the station are two building
complexes, apparently the northern one housing three and the southern
one two shortwave transmitters. To the north standard curtain antenna
designs, south of them fixed dipole walls and in the southwestern
corner of the station a rotatable antenna. The fixed dipole walls and
the rotatable antenna should be identical to the installations at the
Bulgarian Padarsko (near Plovdiv) site.
The eastern side of the station houses the MW antennas. The row of a
dozen towers is the Zarya directional antenna for 1548. North of it a
simple mast and a much better visible ARRT antenna, the latter
presumably for 999. West of the transmitter building a directional
antenna, similar to the SV 4+4 design seen at Bolshakovo and the never
completed site in Bulgaria, but here consisting of only four instead
of eight masts. And next to the border another single mast plus the
site of the former 234 longwave antenna which crashed during the
During the civil war in 1992 Chisinau lost its control over the
Grigoriopol transmitters, Radio Moldova had been taken off 999 and
1467 and replaced by Radio Pridnestrovye which I understand existed
already before, but only as wired radio service for Tiraspol. The
result was a jamming war on 999, audible even at my location although
999 was until yearend 1995 occupied by a transmitter at Hoyerswerda.
At the same time 873 from Chisinau was off, so apparently this 150 kW
transmitter had been used to jam 999. The resulting loss of coverage
got compensated by relays of Radio Moldova via the 1000 kW transmitter
in near-by Iasi in Romania on 1053. A late-night news magazine still
remained on 1053 after 2000 if I recall correct, easily to distinguish
from own Radio Iasi programming due to somewhat unclean audio. But
meanwhile these relays are entirely gone.
At some point Radio Moldova launched a foreign service, called Radio
Moldova International. I don't know if it already existed when they
still had access to Grigoriopol, but after 1992 the Romanian Galbeni
site had been used until these relays were cancelled as well, leaving
web streams as only means of distribution for Radio Moldova
Radio Pridnestrovye for its part soon started shortwave transmissions
as well, first late at night on a frequency which afterwards carried
Radio Moscow programming for North America, much like they now do on
6240. Later at least German was on a dedicated frequency, erroneously
announced as 6025 but by chance I discovered that they were in fact on
6205. At this time it was a weekly 30 minutes broadcast, apparently
done as a one-man labour and quite interesting, much better than what
they broadcast since reviving the foreign service in 2002. It remained
a bit unclear why the had stopped the shortwave broadcasts earlier,
rumours had it that they were a bit short of money but also got
attacked for these "pirate broadcasts".
So of course Radio PMR uses Grigoriopol, and of course it is the very
same site than VOR on 6240/7125, RNW on 7305/13700, Denge Mezopotamya
on 7590/11530 etc. (Kai Ludwig, Germany, ibid.)
This explains it. Also, for me, listening to talk without normal
pauses was difficult. Thanks and 73, (Kraig Krist, ibid.)
Re: ``This time I was waiting for Radio PMR to begin its new North
American service in English, Nov 28 at 2257, when 6240 was on with
intermittent tones. No doubt Olle or Kai have measured their exact
pitch from the Grigoriopol site. (gh)``
It used to be 905 Hz. However, this applied only to tones generated
locally at the transmitter site, and it is possible that they have
changed these recently, maybe to the much-used 1000 Hz. [more:
I may not have made my point clearly enough in my earlier posting.
The only real questions I have, and they may or may not be answerable
at this late date, are:
Back in much earlier times, circa 1950-1980s were there SW
transmitters in or near Kishinev/Chisinau, or was the one and only
Moldavian transmitter site ALWAYS at Grigoriopol?
If that always was the only site, then it never would have been
possible to log what the NASWA list lists as Moldova (Moldavian SSR).
If there was once, but no longer, a transmitting site near or at
Kishinev/Chisinau, then it would be possible for some longtime DXers
to have logged RM as relayed from such a Kishinev xmtr site, and thus
count Moldova (Moldavian SSR).
Do any of our radio historians know for sure whether there was, circa
1950-1980s, such a Kishinev area transmitting site during the USSR era
and perhaps dismantled later? When did Grigoriopol go into operation?
This sort of data, if it exists, might help DXers determine for
themselves, as I suggested earlier, whether they will be able to count
one or two countries. Do vintage WRTHs, FBIS listings, other early
transmitter data have answers? (Don Jensen, WI, Dec 1, DXplorer via
Wolfgang Bьschel, DXLD)
Here's the reply from well-known Swedish expert Olle Alm
about Moldova sw transmitter sites. So as far as he knows,
only Grigoriopol has been and is on sw. Jari
Yes, it is correct that the Maiac-Grigoriopol site started on SW from
1974 to 1976. MW-LW may have started a few years earlier. The SW
activity started gradually over some time. Each transmitter was
operated only for 12 h for the first 6 months. No other broadcast SW
transmitters are known to have operated from Moldovan territory before
that. For a long time it was believed that the new site was the
Mykolaiv (Luch) site in the Ukraine and that the "Simferopol" site was
located somehere in the Crimea. It was not until in the early 90's
that the actual situation as we now it today was finally confirmed.
Today the Maiac transmitters are operating at reduced powers, but they
have been used with 1000 kW each. In the 80's there were plans to
upgrade them to 2000 kW, but this never materialised. 73 (Olle Alm,
via Jari, ibid.)
Whatever may be the situation with regard to particular sites, there
is evidence of SW activity from Moldova before c. 1974. The U.S. FBIS
(Foreign Broadcast Info. Svc) annual books show "Kishinev" on 6035,
7255, 9660 and 11935 from 1965 through 1969, but not thereafter (last
FBIS list was 1974, I believe). And the CPRV has a QSL verifying R.
Moscow "via Kishinev" back in 1965 (Jerry Berg, MA, ibid.)
My WRTH's 1963 to 1969 show no USSR entries on these channels from
European area. 7255, 9660 and 11935 were always WELL KNOWN channels of
US RADIO LIBERTY and RADIO FREE EUROPE these days, and logical subject
of Russian and Bulgarian heavy jamming. Maybe jamming stations against
RL and RFE set up near Kishinev in Moldavian SSR as well as in Varna,
Bulgaria. 73 wb (Wolfgang Bьschel, DX LISTENING DIGEST)
Further information of Radio PMR can be found at
The site includes an article entitled 'Blast from the past: Shortwave
radio to the world' with details of Radio PMR including QSL postal
address and a You Tube video of a Sony ICF-77 receiving Radio PMR in
Madrid, Spain! (Martin Cowin BDXC 1603, Brough, Kirkby Stephen,
Cumbria UK, Location: 54.32N 2.19W, BDXC-UK via DXLD)
DX LISTENING DIGEST 7-146, December 4, 2007
Radio PMR, November 29, 2007, *2300-2315* 6240 kHz.
Audio static. Also processed audio that
eliminated the normal pauses in speech. I've heard the same type
processing done in commercials so many words can fit into the
commercial time. At any rate... removing the normal pauses causes
listening fatigue. Sounded like one long run on sentence. Also, made